Preface of proceeding
Track: Social Science & Humanities
ITIL: Implementation and Service Management Best Practices in Malaysian Academic Libraries
Zainab Ajab Mohideen, Kiran Kaur, Sukmawati Muhamad, Noor Azlinda Wan Jan, A
An organization which delivers Information Technology (IT) services to the customers reflect the presence of an existing framework within the services. The IT services indicate the presence of IT systems in an organization. The delivered IT systems and services indicate the presence of Information Technology Service Management (ITSM) within an organization. This study is conducted in Malaysian academic libraries. The library is the knowledge servicing department in a higher learning institution. The library serves the knowledge in a form of digital services. Hence, the IT implementation and service management in the library has increased the system usage over the years. The ITIL framework is adopted for IT governance and ITSM to fill the gap of digital information services. There are two main IT services in the library, which are the digital information and IT infrastructure. These services are aligned with existing standardization of IT service in the library.
Reconstructing ‘Batu Nong’ and Gender Relations in Indonesia
Clara Evi Citraningtyas
This paper addresses the need to reconstruct folktales that are not anymore suitable for today‟s society. It has been widely known that folktales are one of the many important tools to educate children, to be acceptable members of society. However as societies and values grow, many folktales remain static. This causes disconnection in the education of young generation. In this paper, an Indonesian folktale titled „Batu Nong‟ is discussed in relation to gender equality in Indonesia. It is a tale about a husband who is cursed to be a stone for doing a task that is supposed to be a woman‟s task. Although there are strong campaigns for gender equality in Indonesia, folktales that discourage gender equality are equally maintained. As a result, a recent World Economic Forum ranked Indonesia at 95 among 135 countries in terms of gender equality. This fact underlines the urgency of rewriting and reconstructing Indonesian folktales that cripples the advancement of gender equality. In this study, 199 Indonesians responded on the survey on their thought on the importance of folktale reconstruction.
Re-hardwiring the Cultural and Philosophical Infrastructure of Iran for a Better Management
The philosophy of pre modern Iran dominated by Zoroastrianism before Islam played a more constructive role in social and individual advancements. However destructive principles of Islam as outlined below have rendered cultural attributes and collective world views of Iranian and other middle-eastern nations unprecedented detriments. Ancient Persia once occupying most of the eastern hemisphere surely has contributed a lot to the current human civilization through the early Mithraism, Zoroaster and his life affirming philosophy and later through the works of its great philosophers and scientists before and after the inception of Islam. However the Iran today, unlike far east nations, China and Japan which appreciated their cultural and philosophical bed rocks even in modern days , is undoubtedly on a deteriorating track which is very disappointing culturally, socially and philosophically. We are relating these social and cultural setbacks after the advent of Islam to the dominance of Semitic philosophy and world view, totally unconquerable to costly attempts of the Iranian elite during history, over a more materialistic and life affirming philosophy of life from the ancient Persia. We studied ancient Iranian philosophy and world view through Zoroaster, Mithraism, Iranian Mythology, Iranian literature after the dominance of Islamic philosophy, current cultural paradigms and compared them to the very outstanding attributes of the Islamic philosophy and found great support for our hypotheses of the two important but forgotten reasons accounting for cultural, economic and social setbacks of the nation : Taking philosophical bedrocks, cultural attributes and historical roots regarding the nation’s collective world view for granted and replacing them with a rigid philosophy of life has thrust a cultural metamorphosis on the nation. Various offensives of the neighbouring nations from the Mongolians to Arabs and the Greek during history has changed the cultural and philosophical bed rocks of the nation.
An Analysis of Gulf College Students’ Discourse Skills Using Hoey’s Model
Cuarteros, Joseph Bangayan
This study attempted to assess the development of the discourse skills of the Faculty of Foundation Studies, Gulf College as second
language learners. Using Michael Hoey’s model, this paper specifically tried to identify the discourse skills of the respondents, the level
which these discourse skills become systematic and how these discourse skills develop. This research paper used the longitudinal descriptive
method in identifying the acquisition of the various discourse skills which are reflected in the final examination of the respondents at three
levels (PRE-IFP, Semester 1 and Semester 2.The model proposed by Hoey (1983) follows the pattern: Situation- Problem-Response-ResultEvaluation. Based on the result of the study, there is invariant sequence of the discourse structures of the students. The discourse structures
acquired systematically by the respondents we situation, problem and response. On the other hand, the signals for both result and evaluation
are variable across programme levels. The structures of narratives such as result and evaluation cannot be considered to have been acquired
as far as discourse pattern is concerned. This study concluded that the learners’ acquisition of Hoey’s structure of narratives follows the
natural order of development. The analysis of the written narratives of the respondents uncovers how the learners demonstrate their
competence and the deliberate choices they make in response to the communicative situation. It is very apparent that acquisition increases
with programme level as evident in the narrative structures such as situation, problem and response. These narrative structures become
systematic among the PRE-IFP level while result and resolution become systematic at Semester 1 and Semester 2 respectively.
Track: Health and Medicine Studies
Influence of Core Stabilization on Strength of Hip Abductor in Standing
Oh-yun Kwon, Jeon Incheol, Ui-Jae Hwang, Sung-Hoon Jung, Jun-Hee Kim
Core stabilization has been emphasized for managing chronic lower back pain and improving standing balance. This study was performed to investigate the influence of core stabilization on hip abductor muscle performance in the standing position.A parallel-groups design. University research laboratory. A sample of 34 subjects with and without core stabilization between 20 and 31 years of age.Hip abductor strength was measured using a tension meter, the Smart KEMA System, with and without core stabilization between the subjects. Two groups were classified using the double bent leg lowering test. The strength of the hip abductor muscles were evaluated in standing, both with and without an external support condition. The intra-rater reliability of the repeated measures was estimated by calculating the intra class correlation coefficients (ICC).The hip abductor strength in standing was higher with external support in the group without core stabilization than in the group without external support (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the hip abductor strength in the subjects with core stabilization between conditions, with or without external support (p > 0.05). The intra-rater reliability of the hip abduction testing without external support was higher in standing in the group with core stabilization than in the group without core stabilization (ICC = 0.93 with core stabilization and 0.80 without core stabilization). In the group without core stabilization, the intra-rater reliability with an ICC (3, 1) of the hip abductor strength measurement with external support was higher than without external support (ICC = 0.98 with external support and 0.80 without external support).The performance of the hip abductor strength in standing can be influenced by core stabilization. In the group without core stabilization, the hip abduction performance in standing is better with external support, as compared to the condition without external support. Therefore, core stabilization training can be recommended in individuals without core stabilization to improve the hip abductor performance in standing. To confirm core stability, the measurement of the hip abductor strength in standing should be performed separately in conditions both with and without external support. Core stabilization training may be needed to improve hip abductor performance in standing.