The purpose of this study is to examine whether there is a spatial relationship of newspaper sales in a traffic light area with another neighbouring area. This research was conducted in traffict light of East Surabaya. There are 7 sub-districts in East Surabaya namely Tambak Sari (5 traffict), Gubeng (12 traffict), Sukolilo (7 traffict), Mulyorejo (5 traffict), Tenggilis Mejoyo (8 traffict), Rungkut (5 traffict) and Gunung Anyar (1 traffict). Total trafficts in East Surabaya studied were 43 traffict lights. Moran Index method was used to examine the spatial relations of newspaper sales between neigh boring regions. Its calculation result was 0.45. The calculation of Z (I) is 1.34 whereas Z 0.95 = 1.645 (table), since Z (I)
Brand Image as Mediation Effect of Experiential Marketing and Differentiation Product to the Buying Decision of Toyota Cars
Hening Widi Oetomo, Budiyanto
The purposes of this study is to know whether Brand Image mediates the influence of Experiental Marketing and of differentiation product on the purchase of Toyota Car at PT Astra International Tbk Auto 2000 Kertajaya, Surabaya. Population used in this study are consumers who buy cars at PT. Astra International Tbk Auto 2000 Kertajaya, located in Jl. Kertajaya Indah Timur 35 Surabaya. In this study, the samplingtechnique was accidental sampling in which 100 consumers were interviewed duringthe survey time. Then, its data was analyzed with path analysis. As a result, this study showed that Brand Image was a pseudo-intervening variable in both Experiental Marketing relationship and Differentiation Product relationship to purchase Toyota cars at PT Astra International Tbk Auto 2000.
Perceived Job Performance of the Department of Agriculture Extension Agents by Rice Farmers in Datu Odin Sinsuat
Dr. Tomanda D. Antok
This study was undertaken primarily to assess the job performance of the Department of Agriculture Extension agents and its correlate as perceived by rice farmers in Datu Odin Sinsuat Municipality. Respondents of this study were randomly selected 172 rice farmers in said municipality. The data were collected using an interview schedule and then analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlation analysis.The study revealed that the respondent were relatively young with the mean age of 36 years; almost all (95.35%) were male and married (80.81%). More than one fourth (30.35%) did not have formal schooling,17.45 percent attended Islamic Studies; whereas, 52.32 attended western education. Twenty five percent (25%) were able to reach high school and college education. Majority of the respondents have newly resided in the community. Almost all (85.47%) of the respondents were tenants, small farmers and mere residents of the community. More than one half (68.19%) had income of Php25, 000.00 and below. The respondents had an average household size of the five members. Furthermore, the finding also revealed that Extension Agents unsatisfactory performed their jobs. Demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the respondents found no significant correlations in their perception of the job performance of Department of Agriculture Extension Agents.
Customer Satisfaction: Antecedents and Effect towards Customer Loyalty at Retail Industry in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
J.E.Sutanto, Hatane Semuel
customer and customer loyalty are well-known and established concepts in several areas like marketing, consumer research, welfare- economics, and economic growth. These terms have also long become topics of high interest in both academic and practice. The purpose of this paper is to know the existence of many competitions in retail industry in Indonesia, hence whether Indomaret retails’ customers feel satisfied and loyal. The authors undertook a content analysis carrying out on 156 respondents, which led to direct communication with Indomaret customers. This study finds, there is correlation between variables and variables is the most important factor to Retail Indomaret, but only the brand image variable has a negative and significant effect on customer loyalty. The role as a moderator variable of customer satisfaction variable, which it’s has an important role that indicates the indirect effect of brand image variable on customer loyalty that has positive and significant influence. This study is limited to retail industry in Surabaya City area due to its greatly improved growth of retail industry. This study, by reporting how retail industries innovate to be customer loyalty, sheds light on theoretical and practical area and finally retail industry to large company as well.
Influence of Individual and Employee Work Characteristics to Employee Motivation and Employee Performance Pt. Wismatata Eltra Perkasa
Based on the background of problems and problem formulation, this research is to test and analyze the influence of individual characteristics on work motivation, test and analyze the influence of work environment on work motivation, test and analyze the influence of individual characteristics on performance, test and analyze the influence of work environment on performance , test and analyze the influence of work motivation on performance, test and analyze the role of mediation of work motivation as intervening individual characteristic to performance, and role of work motivation mediation as intervening work environment to employee performance of PT. Wismatata Eltra Perkasa. Individual characteristics have a significant effect on work motivation and performance, positive signs indicate a unidirectional change that if individual characteristics increase then work motivation and performance will increase. Work environment variables have a significant effect on working motivation but have no significant effect directly on performance. Job motivation variable acts as an intervening. This research found evidence that work motivation has a mediating role on the influence of individual characteristics and work environment on employee performance. The test results indicate that this research has successfully proven the work motivation mediate the influence of individual characteristics and work environment on employee performance. Limitations of this study on the sample research of the employee population is still a little in a single industrial company.
Motivation of Work, Organizational Culture and Organizational Commitment towards Work Productivity Lecturers and Employees of Economics College AAS Surakarta (Stie AAS Surakarta)
This study aims to determine the influence of work motivation, work culture, organizational commitment partially or simultaneously to the productivity of Lecturers and employees at the College of Economics AAS Surakarta (STIE AAS) and to find out how much influence of work motivation, work culture, organizational commitment gradually towards work productivity of Lecturers and employees at the College of Economics AAS Surakarta (STIE AAS). The instrument test was used to test the validity and reliability of the questionnaires used in this study. The validity test is to measure whether the instrument / questionnaire used in the study is really capable of representing all aspects considered as the concept framework and reliability test that is measuring that the instrument / questionnaire is free from misperception so as to produce consistent results and can be used in different conditions – different. Hypothesis test is used to determine the effect of work motivation, organizational culture and organizational commitment to work productivity of lecturers and employees using multiple regression analysis. Hypothesis test in this research using t test, F test (level of significant α = 5%) and Test R ^ 2. From the result of t-test, it is known that work motivation has a significant influence on work productivity of lecturers and employees of STIE AAS (test result of work motivation variable has 0.002 <0.05). Organizational culture has no significant effect on work productivity of lecturers and employees STIE AAS (result of t test of organizational culture variable have value 0,795> 0,05) and organizational commitment have significant influence to work productivity of lecturer and employee of STIE AAS (test result t organizational commitment variable have value 0.013 <0.05). From the result of F test, it can be concluded that there are significant influence simultaneously between independent variables consisting of: work motivation, organizational culture and organizational commitment to work productivity of lecturers and employees of STIE AAS (F test result has significance value 0.000 <0.05).
Attendance of Independent Candidates in Local Head Election as a Effort to Improvement the Government System
Joko Martono, Budimansyah, Annurdi
The nature of political party is accentuate their interest that causes the decrease of public confidence in political party. It affects to the election of local heads, when the candidat supported by political party in the election process. So that the presence of regulation that opens the opportunity for independent candidates in the election of local head, raises the hope to improve the government system. This research type is normative juridical research, and the data used for this research are some legislations, documents and books relating the election of local head. The result of this research revealed that independent candidates that elected as local head face prolem when they must be able to maintain a balance with the local parlemen as a consequence of did not get support from political parties.
Determination of Money Implementation of Education at University of Surabaya Based on Full Costing Method
This purpouse of this study Determination of Money Implementation of Education at University of Surabaya based on Full Costing Method. The basic concept of Money Implementations of Educations calculation using full costing method or unit cost is establishment of responsibility center at faculty level and sub system / subsystem of University. With the concept of this responsibility center, basically every subsystem must be responsible for all activities that have been done by sub system respectively. The parameters used to measure the performance of each subsystem will depend on the type of responsibility center of the subsystem concerned. While the cost of the university sub-system that is not related to the learning process, the teaching will not be compensated on the unit cost, but must be accounted for independently by the subsystem concerned in accordance with the type of responsibility center of their respective. Identify the activities of each subsystem in the sub-systems of the University and faculty, to then determine the status of each subsystem, whether it can be categorized as part of the unit cost calculation, or as a Strategic Business Unit. Trace the total cost incurred by each faculty and subsystem that become the burden of unit cost calculation, to then be identified, whether the cost including the type of cost including controllable cost, uncontrollable cost – traceable, and uncontrollable cost – untraceable. For all costs including uncontrollable cost-untraceable, a full costing method is specified as the costing guideline of this type of fee on each faculty.
Learning System Management Based on Teaching Factory (Study Site SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Klaten)
This research goal is to describe, Character setting of learning which basic on Teaching Factory in SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Klaten, Feature of teacher learning activity which basic on Teaching Factory in SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Klaten, Feature ot students learning activity which basic on Teaching Factory in SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Klaten. This kind research is qualitative and using ethnography design. This research was did in SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Klaten main subject in this research is school manager of SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Klaten. Information key are head master, teachers, and students .File collecting method using interval, observation and documentation. File analysis is using interstices analysis, arranged file analysis, and un arranged analysis. Validating file test is using credibility, transferability, confirm ability, and dependability. Result of this research is. Management of education in SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Klaten in increasing service to stake holder tried by applying learning which basic on well Teaching Factory, although we have to observe the admin is train requirement of teacher education, because decreasing quantity of the teacher who has master title, 2). The SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Klatenteachers has been learning processing which basic Teaching Factory with considering some matters, those are building of teacher character strongly, learning planning by work sheet, and doing learning which basic on industry and customer needs, 3). In doing learning process, which basic on Teaching Factory the students has ready before to have skill and good character, as well as give them some competences in order to they will be ready to work or being business man after their graduation.
Investigating Consumer Preferences in Selecting Buffet Restaurants in Davao Region, Philippines
Dunhill Z. Bilog
The buffet restaurant industry players in Davao Region of the Philippines have contributed to economic growth however with the influx of national buffet restaurants, the need to revisit the focus of the homegrown buffet restaurant owners and managers has become apparent. Along this is the need to look into the preferences of the buffet restaurant consumers and the segments that patronize the industry.This study primarily sought to identify the attributes consumers in Davao Region would look for in a buffet restaurant. It employed an experimental research design where conjoint analysis as a technique was used. Buffet restaurant profiles were generated based on the attributes of types of food, quality of food, price and cleanliness. These were rated by the respondents. To uncover the segments, a two-step cluster analysis was utilized. The results of the study indicate that buffet restaurant consumers in the region placed the highest utility on cleanliness. Both junior and senior professionals have the same order of priority as regards the four buffet restaurant attributes however the utility values differ. Moreover, three consumer groups, namely single Junior Professional Oriental food lovers, married Junior Professional Oriental food lovers and married Senior Professional Oriental food lovers were uncovered. These results could prove helpful to buffet restaurant owners and managers in coming up with sustainable service designs and appropriate positioning strategies.
Factors Affecting the Collection Efficiency of Ma-a Parish Multi-Purpose Cooperative: Basis for Policy Formulation
Deogracia B. Corpuz, Leonora L. Caminade, Pamela A. Tongo
Ma-a Parish Multi-Purpose Cooperative (MPMPC) is mainly engaged in lending operations. As a lending cooperative, collection is integral in its operations. For MPMPC, the existing credit and collection policy and practices are ineffective. The ratio of their overdue accounts is escalating in the past years. In 2015, past due accounts already comprise 31.28% of the total loans granted. The primary purpose of the study is to recommend policies that will improve the collection efficiency of MPMPC. The study used participatory action research. It also used quantitative and qualitative research methods. Documentary analysis was done using the data available in the office of MPMPC. Then, a survey questionnaire was administered to the members. To validate the result in the survey, two Focus Group Discussions were conducted, one for the borrowers and another for the officers. The study concluded that several factors contribute to the collection inefficiency of MPMPC. These factors include: inconsistency of sending collection letters, payment and spending priority of borrowers, mismatch of payment terms and schedule of payments between borrowers’ preference and cooperative practices, borrowers’ perception about penalties, borrowers paying habit, and lack of Cooperative Credit and Collection Policy Manual. The research findings and conclusions led to the following recommendations to the Board of Directors of MPMPC: conducting income generating project seminars, encourage young professionals to join the cooperative, properly monitor the post-dated checks from borrowers, regularly send statement of accounts (SOA) to all borrowers, monitor the business of those who borrowed for business purposes, maximize the services of the collector, review the classification of loans and its respective terms of payment, formulate a credit and collection policy manual, and conduct continuing cooperative members’ education.
Track: Social Sciences and Humanities
Study on APP Design of Assisting New Immigrant Women with Healthcare Communication
Fang-Suey Lin, Lu-Zhen Xu, Yi-Tung Liu
The design of auxiliary and visual communication system between patients and medical staff could be applied in clinical doctor-patient communication so as to improve doctor-patient interaction, assist new female immigrants in communication. The main purpose of this project is to develop an interactive medical communication board that would be adaptable both in terms of language and metaphor and which would be tested on different populations as to its efficacy in clinic diagnosis to help new female immigrants and their children. Therefore, this study intends to develop an assistive visualization tool of medical communication to achieve the objective of friendly communication among foreign spouses, ill children, and medical service. Good visual communication of health information is now understood to be critical for patient well-being. Design draft and discussion with users were conducted. This research project focuses on integrating medical and design professional fields to develop medical information and auxiliary communication tool, as well as to design doctor-patient communication APP prototype concept. The study mainly adopted interview, observation and User Experience Innovation Design (UXID) to carry out interviews with 24 Vietnamese and Indonesian new immigrant women. These first hand practical data were then transcribed and sorted out. By designing an APP prototype, researchers finally achieved the purpose of assisting new immigrant women in seeking healthcare and expressing their symptoms.
Research of Third-person Effect in Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center Security Event Report
Zi-Han Wang, Yi-Fan Bi, Biqi-Chen, Chen-Feng Zhan
Since the third-person effect proposed by Davison in 1983, numerous scholars verified the main hypothesis, which states that individuals are more likely to overestimate the effect of mass media messages on other people‟s attitudes and behaviors. Individuals exposed to mass media messages will expect the information to have a greater effect on others than on themselves. Individuals may take actions based on the effect of mass media messages on others. Further discussion on the problems of internal mechanism, condition and influencing factors of the third- person effect were conducted, such as „information necessity‟ and „social distance‟. Unfortunately, for a long time, the third-person effect hypothesis is ignored by the mainland scholars. Most of the existing empirical researches on third-person effect were conducted in Western country. Therefore, it is meaningful to conduct research on third-person effect in mainland China. In this study, we start from a series of security events happened in Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center from June to July 2015 to discuss mechanism and influencing factors of third-person effect. The research object is mainly the students in Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center who exposed to the media report about the security events especially the report spread through the new media. Based on the investigation results, the third- person effect is reflected in the aspects of positive and negative of information as well as the information necessity. (Gunther, A., 1991) Faced with security event reports, the male think the effect on the other male is slighter than that on the other female. However, the results from the female reflect reversely with our hypothesis. To the security events, the perception of individuals has an impact on the strategy of media, government, university and society.
A Dynamic Analysis of Holding Risky Assets among European Countries
Thi-Hong-Phuong Vu, Chu-Shiu Li, Chwen-Chi Liu
This study examines the relationship between household’s financial resources and probability of holding risky assets through financial crisis in 2008 among 12 European countries. We first examine individually the determination of holding risky assets from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) based on wave 2 (2006 – 2007) and wave 4 (2010 – 2011), which is the time period before and after 2008 financial crisis, respectively. Next, the dynamic analysis for the changes in household’s stockholding and financial resources are followed up by the same household from wave 2 to wave 4. Our results show that both income and net wealth have positive and significant relation with holding risky assets for the household during the time period of pre and post financial crisis. The dynamic results reveal that with increasing net wealth, the households are either more likely to be the increasing risky assets type or less likely to be the decreasing risky assets type, compared to the without changing types, including both without holding risky assets and holding risky assets in both waves. Our results imply that the decision of investing risky assets is a function of wealth change.
The Meaning of Bersih Desa, Meteri Sumber and Suroan as Ritual to Preserve Ecological Sustainability of Penanggungan Sites East Java, Indonesia
Reza Hudiyanto, Ismail Lutfi
Culture and community were two components strongly depends each other. They were mutual relation that made the unique and particular character of community. As the time goes by, each community inherited the value and tradition from their predecessor. Value and tradition was highly influenced by their surrounding environment. In Desa Kedungudi and Seloliman, where its location is nearest ot the Penanggunan Sites, there are many rituals such as Bersih desa, Suroan, and Meteri Sumber. This article tried to describe the relation between of these local traditions – which being held every year by villagers nearby Penanggunan Sites and the sustainability of archaeological sites and their surrounding environment too. Penanggungan site was a complex of scattered small temples covered area from 600 to 1500 meter above sea level. Considering to the object research is cultural phenomenon, qualitative research was used in describing and analyzing the founding. This research methods demand more detail information of the sequent events, its components and meanings. Therefore, we begin research activity by observing, describing, interpreting and reporting every moment in the rituals. In the second stage, the research tried to reveal the past of this area. On the preliminary data, ritual has played important role in preserving ecological balance between man and natural. When the people believed to the creed that temples and other archaeological objects have spiritual power and figured out last civilization, they will not have made any damages to the soil, cut the trees and made fire in the ridge. Any disturbance to their mountain will give the effect to their means of life since most of villagers are rice growers. It also proved that there was connection between popular belief about sacred place and environment reservation.
The Relationship between Gender and WASH Development Projects in Rural Uganda
Smyrilli Christiana, McRobie Allan
The paper explores the relationship between gender roles and development infrastructure projects in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector in rural Uganda, by looking at the influence of various factors such as education and governance. Men and women hold different roles and responsibilities within WASH in rural areas of developing countries, and therefore perform different duties. In Uganda, women are the primary managers of water resources at household level, and are the main drivers for sanitation and hygiene practice at household level; men are concerned with the commercial use of water. Insights into developing infrastructure that addresses the needs of communities could emerge from understanding the multiple dimensions of the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that affect the roles that men and women play within the WASH sector. Fieldwork has been undertaken in a number of rural communities in south Uganda, where group discussions and interviews were conducted with key players in the WASH sector, government representatives and people from the communities. The qualitative data collected provides an understanding of how gender roles are influenced by other factors, as they are dependent on, and formed by, other social structures, and consequently how this relationship influences infrastructure. The findings highlight the importance of good leadership by both men and women at community level, which leads to improvements in WASH infrastructure provision. Moreover, there seems to be a strong relationship between educating women and improved sanitation and hygiene practices. Finally, cultural attributes seem to have a strong influence on the way men and women view water and sanitation tasks, how they perform them and how they engage with and value the infrastructure. The paper gives an overview of the findings and suggests future research can lead to new evidence to support gender-sensitive infrastructure.
Granted Judicial Review Arrangement in the Law (Constitutional Court Case Study)
Charlyna S. Purba
From five Constitutional Court authorities, one of the most common handed is reviewing laws against the Constitution. It is called judicial review. There are 232 granted decisions among 1162 acceptance law cases since 2003 until in the early of July 2017, means that there are 232 of laws interpretation. Those laws interpretation are not only impact on judicial review applicant, but also the people extensively. Through dogmatic legal research, the researcher will answer the question about what have to be done next for the granted judicial review? The research found that the granted judicial review is needed to be arranged in the law through a revision of the law. The article, the verse, or the whole law that have been granted and interpreted by Contitutional Court must be loaded in the law as stipulated in Article 10 (1) poin d of 2011 Law 12 on Law Establishment for the purpose of democracy implementation, the law by the people, of the people and for the people.
The Role of the Maguindanaon Ulama in the Election of Provincial Officials of the Maguindanao Province
Musa A. Unos
This study was undertaken primarily to find out the political involvement of the Maguindanaon Ulama (religious leader) in the election of provincial officials as perceived by the Maguindanaon Professionals. Specifically, it aimed to achieve the following: (a) To determine the profile of the respondents in terms of age, sex, civil status, highest educational attainment, employment and income. (b) To know the criteria used by the Ulama in choosing the provincial candidates. (c) To determine the extent in which the Ulama influenced the election of provincial officials. This study used the descriptive research design, with questionnaire as its main research instrument. It utilized percentages, averaging and chi-square as tools of statistical analysis. Of the total number respondents, the data revealed that the youngest were 21 years old and the oldest respondents were 55 years old. Their mean age was 32.50 years.The respondents were categorized into two, the young and the old. It was found that 119 or 72.56 percent of the respondents were young (21 to 35 years), while only 45 or 27.44% were old. Majority (107 or 65.21%) of the respondents were males. There were 57 or 34.77 percent were females. Majority (124 or 76 percent) of the respondents were married, whereas only 40 or 24 percent were single. Majority at 144 or 87.99 percent of the total respondents belonged to low education category with baccalaureate degree or lower. Only 20 or 12.19% were found to be high educational attainment, with masteral degree or higher. Majority at 144 or eighty percent of the respondents were government employees. Only few at 7 or 4.25 percent engaged in business; 6 or 3.66 percent, farming; and 7 or 4.27 percent were jobless. Since almost all of the respondents were government employees, the monthly income were reflected according to their salary grades. It was found that most of the respondents were in the bracket of salary grades 6 – 10 beginning to the low –income group. Majority of the respondents 136 (82.93) affirmed that there were Maguindanaon Ulama in their communities. Furthermore, the findings disclosed the involvement of these Ulama in the election of provincial officials. Many respondents (70 or 43.0%) said that Ulama did not call clan meeting during pre-election for them to campaign. For those who said that the Ulama called clan meeting, they said that the frequency was once a month and it was also found that every meeting, the Ulama urged the members of their clan to vote the officials that they have tapped for the electoral positions. Many respondents (82 or 50.00%) said that Ulama did not engage in election campaign in support of their candidates. Those who said the opposite pointed the political rally as the strategy which was participated by the Ulama. Ulama did not also act as campaign managers of candidates pointed out by majority of the respondents. Moreover, majority of the respondents (30 or 54.72%) pointed that the Ulama gave moral and spiritual support to the candidates of their choice, more than financial and other material support. The respondents identified five (5) major criteria the Ulama used in selecting provincial candidates whom they would support during election, such as: religiosity, sincerity and dedication, educational qualification, honesty and commitment. Majority at 52% of the respondents pointed the influence of the Maguindanaon Ulama in the choice of provincial candidates in different political parties. Twenty – six percent (26%) perceived that Ulama had no influence in the choice of provincial candidates, while 23% were uncertain. This Ulama’s influence was attributed to the motive of candidates to bank on the support of the Ulama for endorsement by political and civic leaders. Majority of the respondents (29) pointed the use of community meeting as the effective means of communication used by Ulama in channeling their message.
The Fulfillment of Human Rights Over Land by State as a Justice Requirement in Land Owners (Case Study in Indonesia)
The need for land for every human being is one of the basic rights that should be fulfilled by the State. But in the empirical fact that happens there is a small part of the community who owns most of the existing land, on the contrary most of the members of the community who only owns land on a small scale and even do not own the land. Government as the embodiment of the State should try how to make justice in land ownership for all citizens can be realized. The objective to be achieved in writing this scientific paper is that the human rights of every citizen to the needs of the land can be fulfilled. The writing method used in this scientific paper is descriptive method of analysis. The conclusion of the writing of this scientific paper is the redistribution of land as part of land reform is one effort that can be done by the Government in the fulfillment of the human rights of every citizen in the fulfillment of land ownership. The government should not hesitate to redistribute the land for the needy to get the land considering some of the existing legal umbrella allows for it.
Urgency of the Guarantee of Halal Product Certification in Indonesia Regulation
Yenny AS, Annurdi, Budimansyah
The presence of Act Number 33 Year 2014 about the Guarantee of halal products to fulfill halal certification obligations on their products. So, it is interesting to study based on philosophical, juridical and sociological perspective. This research type is normative juridical research, and the data used for this research are some legislations, documents and books relating halal certification and investment law. The result of this research revealed that the obligation of halal product certification as stipulated in the act about halal product guarantee is the fulfillment of the needs both from the perspective of philosophy, juridical and sociological in Indonesia.
Policy Model on Forest/Land Fires Countermeasures in West Kalimantan
Nurfitriawati Khan, Charlyna S. Purba, Yenny AS
West Kalimantan is one of the biggest palm oil producers in Indonesia, which contribute in domestic and foreign investment improvement. It is not good at all because oil palm plantation land clearing was done by forest burning and of course it infringes the rules about forest burning and destruction prohibition. The aim of the research is to analyze the rules about forest burning and destruction prohibition and will be an advocacy materials for West Kalimantan Government in accommodate local wisdom of rules making. Through dogmatic legal research, the research found that forest burning and destruction prohibition in Kalimantan Barat influenced by the law, community, law enforcer, culture and infrastructure. The researcher recommend a rule of law model to the West Kalimantan Government in embracing local wisdom for society empowerment in rule making about forest burning and destruction prohibition.
The Responsibility of Holding Company to the Subsidiary in Group Company Law in Indonesia
Annurdi, Nurfitriawati Khan
The existence of group company in Indonesia, allows a company has one or more subsidiaries that have different businesses. So, it raises the debate about the responsibility of the holding company to the subsidiary when it suffered losses even declared in state of bankruptcy. This research type is normative juridical research, and the data used for this research are some legislations, documents and books relating group company law. The result of this research reveals that basically the parent company is not liable for losses suffered by the subsidiary company, unless it can be proven that the holding company as a shareholder made a fault based on the principle of piercing the corporate veil.
Performance in Learning Domains of Kindergartners in Public and Private Preschools in the Philippines
Guiamaludin M. Mangiging, Maeda Langguyuan Kadtong, Noraisa D. Mangiging
The study is a comparison of kindergartners’ performance in public and private schools in the three learning domains such as cognitive, affective and psychomotor. The participants are ninety (90) pupils, fifteen (15) each for the three public schools and so does the private schools. The three learning domains were tested based on the 11-20 weeks times frame within the Second Weekly Plans. A fifteen (15) item test for the cognitive as reflected in the Table of Specifications indicating the competencies was constructed. The affective and psychomotor domains were tested through a five-item test for each. A rubric was constructed to determine the distribution of points. The profile of the school was considered. It involved the years in operation, enrollment size and average class size and pupil-teacher ratio. Age, sex and birth order formed part of the pupils’ profile. Both profiles were correlated against the three learning domains. Public schools operated ahead of the private schools. They are bigger in enrollment, class size and pupil-teacher ratio. In age, all are five years old. There are more female participants in both schools. For birth order, there are ten first born in the public schools against seven in the private. For second, third and fourth, it was dominated by the private; however the fifth, sixth and seven went to the public schools. On the three learning domains, private kindergartners performed better in the cognitive but outdone by the public kindergartners in the affective and psychomotor. In the test of difference on their performance against the three domains, the cognitive and affective yielded significant result but not with psychomotor. The correlation of profile of the school and learning domains turned out significant in the following: school type to affective performance, number of years in operation to cognitive and affective, enrolment to cognitive, average class size to the affective and pupil-teacher ratio to affective. On correlation of sex to the domains, cognitive turned out significant. Birth order did not show significant correlations.
Peace and Development Initiatives: The Case of Datu Odin Sinsuat Municipality
Bai Soraya Q. Sinsuat
This study explored and described the peace and development initiatives in Datu Odin Sinsuat Municipality from 1990 to 2012. This sought to determine the conflict experiences of the people and the communities in the DOS Municipality and how these being carried out. Also, this aimed to find out the issues and challenges in the implementation of the peace and development initiatives. Based on the result of the study, a framework for sustainable peace and development in DOS was formulated. The conflict experiences of the people consisted of two cases of major clan feuds, massive displacement and evacuation of IDPs to the barangays and to the Poblacion. The peace initiatives were: holding of dialogues, organizations of tribal councils, establishment of interfaith organizations, conflict resolution and mediation, education on culture of peace, and capacity building. The development initiatives were: hard infrastructure, capacity building trainings and sustainable development projects. The successes include: convincing the people in the communities that peace does not happen out of nothing, and that there should be concerted efforts among the different sectors to work towards making peace happen in their communities, strengthening of the facilitating actors such as the local government officials and the community, accessing external funding, cooperation by the secessionist and the government forces. The issues and challenges were the lack of sufficient financial support from the municipal government for the environmental protection program and the incompleteness of the process empowerment. Other issues and challenges were provision of water system in coastal and South District of DOS, additional health workers in the interior barangays and the farm to market all weather roads. A framework was developed which includes: the local government officials, community people, the civil society organizations, the NGOs, GOs, the national government represented by the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process, and the academe. The activities are: education on the culture of peace, trainings on capacity building and training for intercultural endeavors, disaster preparedness, this means they would have developed their capacity to resolve their own problems by using their own resources. This would also make them realize what problems should be addressed and how, such as the environmental problems and others. All these would lead to peace and development initiatives and hopefully, sustainable peace and development. There were many initiatives on peace and development, several of these are sustainable or are still going on, and there are more successes than there are failures in terms of peace initiative results. The government agencies, CSOs, NGOs and the academe had been instrumental in facilitating the peace and development initiatives. They have given valuable support and sufficient contributions for the peace and development efforts in DOS. External funding has to be accepted as the inevitable reality in peace and development work. To sustain the initiatives, the researcher recommends the deliberate but creative advocacy on the aspiration of Datu Odin Sinsuat.
Cigarette Smoking: Its Effect on Academic Performance of College Students
Muhamad Ali E. Midzid
Smoking is a practice in which a substance, most commonly tobacco, is burned and the smoke is tasted and inhaled. In the last decade, smoking on campuses has become a hot topic, and for good reason: the college years are crucial in making or breaking an addiction. Uneven skin tone, damaged gums and teeth, stained nails and fingers, cataracts, psoriasis, hair loss, and oral cancer are some of the manifested, or had been proven, health effects of cigarette smoking. Anyhow, an educator would be interested on smoking in relation to students’ academic performance, thus, this study was focusing on. Utilizing a descriptive survey method of research with the use of questionnaire supported by unstructured interviews almost half of the smoker-respondents are engaged in smoking from one to four (1-4) years already. Eighty percent of the smoker-respondents could consume five to nine sticks (5-9) of cigarette daily. This represents an average number of sticks as being consumed by majority of the student-smokers. The reasons why students smoke is “to help them relax or feel calm” obtained 66.67% of the student-smokers. Finally, there is a significant difference between the smokers and non-smokers academic performance. It further implies that the students’ academic performance of the non-smokers is better than those of the smokers. In conclusion, cigarette smoking college students are consuming 5 – 9 sticks a day which started 1 – 4 years ago and they do smoking to feel relax and calm. Mostly, smokers who have knowledge and those who have none felt nervous when answering to teacher’s questions. Significant difference between the academic performance of the smokers and non-smokers is obtained, which implies that the grades of smokers are lower than non-smokers.
Structural Equation Modelling of Reality TV Shows in the Philippines Vis a Vis People‟s Phenomenological Views
Renan P. Limjuco, Liezl A. Loguinsa, Maureen Ava M. Bello, Felix C. Chavez Jr,
Joseph Elmer G. Noval5
This study aimed to test the hypothesized model involving latent constructs such as concepts of artistry, potential commercial value, and merit evaluation with the goal to describe the assumed nature of the reality TV shows in the Philippines,. As a study that employed the mixed method approach, this research also attempted to describe and understand the participants‟ views regarding the complex nature of reality TV shows in the country. The researchers utilized purposive sampling technique to choose 422 respondents from colleges and universities of Davao City. A 5-point Likert researcher-made questionnaire consisting of 47 items was used for the survey. Meanwhile, eight participants were selected for FGD. Findings revealed that the concept of artistry is largely determined by criteria used in reality TV shows although the credibility of the judges still is a critical factor to consider. Personality of the contender significantly determines his potential commercial value. Merit evaluation is significantly influenced both by acceptance of viewers and preference of TV networks. Moreover, Philippine reality TV shows will remain conscious and sensitive to the views of audience and prerogatives of TV top management as regards the talents who will be given breaks and opportunities for show business industry.
Elevating the Graduate School Research and Publication Culture:
A Practical Action Research
Renan P. Limjuco, Sylvia J. Pidor, Mary Jane G. Barluado
In this action research, we aimed to develop a plan in answer to the need to maximize the involvement of UIC Graduate School faculty and students in the intensification of the research and publication culture of UIC to parallel the international level of recognition in the field. By qualitative descriptive research design specifically practical action research (PAR) approach, we purposively selected 30 participants who represent the different stakeholders of the School for brainstorming and exploratory sessions designed to answer our research objectives including a) maximization of the research productivity of the graduate school faculty and students; b) establishment of the mentor-mentee publication authorship; c) integration of new research pedagogy approaches into the graduate qualitative and quantitative research process; and d) establishment of an independent journal in preparation for CHED Journal Incentive Program recognition. Through the sessions, we generated problematic issues regarding the School’s research and publication status quo. In analyzing the issues, we grouped and sub-grouped them according to which key objective they address and which level (institutional, program leadership, individual members) they affect or can be addressed. Our findings revealed recurring issues affecting all levels and which can overlap in terms of effect and solution. Notable recurring issues include lack of well-articulated policies, area expertise, research experts, research class directions, as well as members’ confidence. We formulated several recommendations as outset for the development a strategic plan with the main goal of elevating the Graduate School culture of research and publication.
A Tracer Study on the University of the Immaculate Conception Graduates of Bachelor of Music
Eric A. Moreno, Emma V. Sagarino, TJ E. Juan, Renato F. Langomez, Jr, Ranillo II M. Tagiobon, Michelle Kaye L. Palmes, Rose Angelli B. Cabigas
The University of the Immaculate Conception (UIC) in Davao City, Philippines is the only school which offers Music degrees in Southern Mindanao, with primary concern of producing graduates fit to human resource needed in the music industry. This tracer study aimed to track the UIC Bachelor of Music graduates from 1996 to 2016 who are employed in different industries in Davao City and outside the city. Utilizing descriptive research design and purposive snowball sampling technique, a total of 31 graduates responded to participate by filling-up the CHED-adapted survey questionnaire. The results revealed that 51.8% of the respondents landed a job within six months after graduation, majority are teachers, hence employed with the academe or studios. Forty two percent are already regular and majority found their job through the recommendation of someone. The respondents find their UIC education influential to their employability particularly the curriculum and values they have imbibed from the institution. Moreover, the characteristics their employers value about them include the abilities to work with a team, the relational skills, adaptability to different situations, positive attitude and possession of unique and scarce musical skills.
Track: Engineering & Technology Studies
FEM Analysis and Experiment of Cold Flaring Process of SUS304 Pipe
Junshi Ichikawa1, Shinichi Nishida,Yuta Kashitani, Kentaro Tsunoda,Yusuke Takeuchi, Yujiro Nitta, Yuto Takigawa, Atsuhiro Aoki, Hideto Harada, Yutaka Sato
This paper describes a production process for experiment and Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis of cold forming of SUS304 pipe. These large diameter pipes such as φ114.3 mm are used for a plant as a flow channel of gas and liquid. The connection of pipes are generally welded at the plant. However, the other connecting method are required from a viewpoint of making the plant environment worse by welding. Therefore, flaring process of large diameter pipes were proposed. This flaring process is one of a method of pipe flange forming. The formed pipes were connected used with loose flange. Flaring process was generally hot process, thus it has some problem such as becoming complex of forming machine and accuracy of dimension. In this study, cold flaring process of SUS304 pipe was proposed to satisfy these requisitions. Experiment and FEM analysis of cold flaring process were performed to clarify the optimum forming conditions for the flat length of connecting surface such as a diameter of punch, punch stroke and taper angle of dies. As a result, a gap between punch and die was needed to match the pipe wall thickness. In optimum conditions, experimental result and analysis result was indicated good match.
Horizontal Twin Roll Strip Casting of ADC12, A3003 and A7075
Junshi Ichikawa, Shinichi Nishida, Yuta Kashitani, Kentaro Tsunoda, Yusuke Takeuchi, Yujiro Nitta, Yuto Takigawa, Atsuhiro Aoki, Hideto Harada
This paper describes a vertical type twin roll strip casting process for producing aluminum alloy strip of ADC12, A3003 and A7075. Twin roll casting process is able to produce a strip from molten metal directly. Thus this process has a possibility to reduce total cost of sheet making comparing to conventional rolling process. Aluminum alloy ADC12 is a casting material that is used for die casting. A3003 is known as a wrought aluminum alloy for aluminum can body sheet. The A3003 sheet is generally produced by rolling, so it is effective for reducing a process cost to produce the strip by twin roll casting process. Aluminum alloy A7075 has high tensile strength, and it is known as a material for aerospace application. The sheet is manufactured in small quantities comparing to the other sheet aluminum alloy. It is supposed that the demand of high tensile strength aluminum sheet such as A7075 is going to increase for weight saving of structural material. In this study, twin roll casting experiment was performed to produce these three aluminum alloy strip in same experimental conditions. Castability, surface conditions, strip thickness and microstructure were investigated. It was possible to cast these aluminum alloy strip.
Experiment and FEM Analysis of Thin Steel Sheet 180°Bending
Yujiro Nitta, Shinichi Takatsu, Shinichi Nishida, Weimin Lin
Aim of this study is to clarify the forming properties such as strain distribution during hemming process by experiment and finite element method analysis. This study is to research the material properties such as strain distribution by the experiment of 180°bending, Vickers hardness and finite element method analysis. Hemming process is one of the thin metal plate bending process for joining the outer panel to the inner panel. This process is generally used for producing of the car doors, hoods and trunks. Hemming process is a simple plastic forming process, however some defects often are occurred such as creepage, growing, warp, recoil and etc.. Some study on hemming process, however these occurring mechanism are not clarified yet. In this study, hemming experiment and finite element method analysis were operated. Hemming process is constructed from three process that are flange bending, pre-hemming and final hemming. Experiment material was hot dip galvanize low carbon steel plate with 0.65mm thickness. The relationships between the load and stroke in the three bending process were measured. Vickers hardness test was operated to determine the strain distribution. Tensile test and polishing test were operated to obtain the flow stress and friction coefficient in preliminary experiment for accuracy FEM analysis. Two dimensional elasto-plasticity FEM analysis was operated to clarify the bending properties. Experimental value was compared to analysis value. Both tendency was good agreement. From this result, coincidence of strain distribution of an experiment and analysis was obtained and it was able to say that it was useful in the FEM analysis of this 180°bending experiment.
Recognition of Kinect Operator by using Template Matching
Yuto Takigawa,Nobuaki Nakazawa
This paper describes a system that recognition of Kinect operator by using template matching. Kinect can make it easy to obtain RGB images and human skeleton information, thus the application of Kinect is increasing in welfare field. Two or more persons are able to be recognized by skeleton information respectively. However, in the situation that limit the Kinect operator to one person, some problems often caused. For example, errors are caused by misrecognition when multiple people are captured by Kinect at the same time. Therefore, in order to solve the problem, the recognition by using template matching was proposed. The skeleton information obtained by Kinect sensor was used for automatic determination of template image position. Template image was captured from the position of each joint. Template matching was performed by using the obtained template image. Kinect operator was identified by template matching. In template matching, a correlation coefficient between template image and input image was calculated by comparing the average concentration of each image. Optimum threshold value (0.7~1.0) of correlation coefficient and the position of template image for operator recognition were researched. The position of template image was at head and neck. The operator was recognized by using threshold 0.85~0.90 and template image captured at the position of neck.
A Study of Automatic Drone Flight Control System for Aerial Photography
Atsuhiro Aoki, Kyoji Nakaj, Kazuhiro Motegi, Yoichi Shiraishi
Recently, an aerial photography by drone is being gradually required in a live telecast. However, the aerial photography is not so popular because an expert drone operator is needed to take videography accurately in the specified time and from the specified angles. Thus, in such a case, an automatic drone flight system controlling the velocity and the attitude is strongly required. The aim of this study is to develop such a flight control system by utilizing the conventional FPV (First Person View) system. Then, the position and camera angle control system of drone observing the specified time is proposed. It can be shown that the automatic control system is promising in the drone aerial photography.
Track: Health and Medicine Studies
Antibiotic Resistance Profile of Gram Negative Bacilli Isolated from Ants in Selected Level 1 Hospitals in Davao City
Anna Lee B. Bandoy
The occurrence of increasing hospital acquired infections and the reports of the occurrence of ants in the hospital had become a research focus owing to the exposure of patients and health professionals to risk associated with insects. The study aimed to evaluate the potential of ants as mechanical vectors of pathogenic bacteria and assess the antibiotic resistance profile of gram negative bacilli isolated in selected level one hospitals in Davao City. The study utilized a descriptive design. The researcher collected the ant samples in female, male and pediatrics ward in the selected level one hospitals. Afterwards, the captured ant species were immersed in double strength TSB for bacterial cultivation. After distinct pure colonies of bacteria were isolated, they were subjected to tests for bacterial identification and antibacterial susceptibility tests using VITEK 2 Systems. The findings of the study suggests that Tapinoma melacephalum, Monomorium pharaonis and Anoplolepis grecilepis are mechanical vectors of opportunistic pathogen which commonly cause hospital acquired infections. Moreover, two (2) isolates of E. cloacae from T. melanocephalum and one (1) isolate of E. cloacae from M. pharaonis demonstrated multi-drug resistance. Further, the results also suggest possible poor implementation of sanitation and pest control protocols. The researcher recommends for further identification and profiling of gram positive bacteria and to explore the different hospital areas including critical care units as sampling points.