A Conceptual Paper on the Study into the Effect of Organisational Innovation in Order to Survive and Grow Despite Volatility in the Global Environment
René Pellissier, Dzingai Katsamba
The topic of organisational innovation and its importance in leveraging companies to survive and grow following volatility was explored. Firms that innovate increase their chances of survival and growth. Organisational innovation can help sustaining and growing business entities despite the fluctuation in the global environment emanating from unexpected volatility. The primary objective of this project was to determine the organisational innovation strategies implemented by successful multinationals in South Africa following on the economic crisis of 2008-2009, in order to establish the effects of such strategies on the survival of the organisations. A mixed methods research methodology was used to gather data, which was analysed using structural equation modelling.
In turbulent environments, like the 2008/2009 global economic crisis, companies need to deploy new process technologies and leading management practices to survive and grow. Literature suggest that firms which innovate, increase their chances of survival and growth. Growing sales and productivity are associated with incremental process innovations. There is therefore a need for organisational innovation in order to increase sales and productivity following a global crisis as it looks at both internal and external innovation. Literature also enlightened that, as the global environment becomes more and more dynamic and volatile, organisations and businesses are compelled to permanently seek the most effective models to maximise their organisational innovation management.Further review of literature revealed benefits of organisational innovation strategies, but there seems to be little work done as far as understanding whether organisational innovation can solve the impact of a global economic crisis and how this can impact on the implementation of the strategy. Some organisations may have embarked on survival strategies unknowingly borrowing from organisational innovation, while others did not. All these were clarified from an organisational innovation theoretical framework point of view.
Bank-Specific Characteristics and Technical Efficiency of Islamic Banks and Conventional Bank Islamic Windows in Malaysia
Wong Mei Foong
This study respected the performance of full-fledged Islamic banks and Islamic subsidiaries of conventional banks in term of efficiency. The Malaysian Islamic banking industry has grown very fast in term of assets, deposits and financing base. This study analyses the technical efficiency growth of these banks using the Stochastic Production Frontier (SFA) model. The findings of this study reveal that the Islamic subsidiaries of conventional banks are more efficient than full-fledged Islamic bank, while domestic Islamic banks tends to be more efficient than foreign owned banks. The estimation using the technical inefficiency effects model and a system GMM estimator further reveals that bank specific characteristics, namely the types, ownership, dividend policy and size are crucial determinants of these Islamic banks’ efficiency.
Track: Social Sciences and Humanities
Neuropsychological Impact on Instructional Strategy in Inclusive Classroom in Indonesia
Neuropsychological study of the interrelationships of the brain and human behavior will have significant impact in the instructional, especially inclusive classroom. It is important for educators to be able to teach students with a wide range of diversity, strengths and weaknesses. This article aims to provide an overview of neuropsychological impact of using instructional strategy that becomes a problem in the inclusive classroom in Indonesia. Several steps should be taken of teacher in designing instructional strategy effectively is used data neuropsychological student to identify the profile of strengths, weaknesses, disability so that it has the correct perception to meet the needs and provide interventions to students who are integrated in the instructional in inclusive classrooms with choices of effectively instructional strategy.
Regional Shaivite Sects & Centers in Paditaaraadhya Caritra
S. Chinna Reddaiah
It is a need of the day that the age old texts and tradition of times in memorable should be brought to the new generation to improve upon the values of life. In this context early works and the descriptions of those days life and culture to be explored.
This paper intends to bring out the various shavaite pilgrim centers and sects recorded in panditaaraadhya caritra. Aaraadhya shaivam is sect of shaivism flourished in Andhra and was prophesied by twelve aacaaryas. Panditaaraadhya, is one among them. His life is depicted in “panDitaaraadhya caritra”. Palakuriki Somanatha (13th cen.) wrote many indigenous works. To put it in other words, he was the first poet in Telugu to take up indigenous theme, meter and language. His famous works “basava puranamu” and “panditaaraadhya caritra” are based on the virashaiva prophet of Karnataka basavanna and aaraadhya shaiva prophet and poet of Andhra mallikaarjuna panditaaraadhya. These two works deal with the stories of devotees in and around Andhra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. The heroes of these works are basavanna and mallikarjuna panditaraadhya respectively. They deal with the lives of these along with stories pertaining to other devotees of various places and the regional stories depict the presiding deity, temple or hill or place and river or tank which in turn are known as murti, stalam and tiirtham.This is an attempt to bring out such special facts. This is theory paper which deals with the early and present research on the same topic and allied ones. The paper will be in three parts exploring the poet his works and the early literature in the light of religious study. Part – I introduction of the poet and his work.(as mentioned above)
Part – II some of the shavaite sects: viirashavam, kaalaamukham, aaraadhyashaivam; devotion to shiva as omnipresent, shaiva aagamas mentioned in the text; the much and mugdha bhakti conept. Muudhabhakti – does not even regret to kill self or murder in the name of God. Mugdhabhakti – This has no reasoning. A devote can plead ideal to speak or eat for the sake of devotee.
Part – III the shaiva khestras or pilgrimage centers mentioned in the text. A brief note of the pilgrim center will be given depending on the text. For e.g. Varanasi known as banaras, sriparvatam known as srishailam. This work is a very good record of many such things related to shaivism and devotees and religion. The importance lies in the description of eight regional language singers singing in praise of Lord shiva in pilgrimage to sriparvata. The various sects found in the text are explained and the pilgrim centers.
Urban Efl Teachers‟ Motivation in Indonesia: Maslow‟s Hierarchy of Needs Theory and Herzberg‟s Motivational-Hygiene Theory
Anna Riana Suryanti Tambunan
This paper aims at highlighting the urban EFL teachers‟ motivation in Indonesia viewed from Maslow‟s hierarchy of needs theory and Herzberg‟s motivational hygiene theory to fill a notable gap in the teacher motivation literature. Library research is used to review how motivation is essential in English teaching and learning process. The issue: teachers‟ motivation, conceptualized as job commitment and satisfaction and its relationship to teacher competency will be critically addressed. Commitment to teaching reflects the teachers‟ motivation as it is theorized that teachers to be motivated and committed to their job, they should be based on the five levels given by Maslow‟s theory; physiological, security, social, esteem and self-actualization needs. Then, Herzberg‟s motivational hygiene theory indicates that achievements, recognition, work itself, responsibility and advancement as the aspects of job satisfaction as the teachers‟ motivation affect the teachers‟ performance in the teaching and learning process. Teachers should be given the motivational factors that will positively influence their performance and productivity which will enhance quality assurance in the educational system. It can be concluded that teachers‟ motivation is a crucial factor which directly influences the teachers‟ performance, the level of student motivation and achievement
in the target language concerned.
Track: Engineering and Technology Studies
Investigation into Procedures Implemented by the Manufacturers of Concrete Masonry Rebated Filler Blocks used in Durban (South Africa)
Bonga PraiseGod Khuzwayo
Concrete masonry rebated filler blocks form a crucial component of the beam and block slab systems. Concerns were raised by some manufacturers, engineers and users in Durban (South Africa) about the lack of basic technical and economic information with regards to concrete masonry rebated filler blocks, which form a major component of these flooring systems due to the quantities required. The lack of such information makes it difficult to identify methods of improving efficiency and effectiveness of these flooring systems in general. Hence, a pilot study was conducted in a form of a questionnaire and site visits in order to gather basic technical and economic
information with regards to the background, manufacturing, design, and possible improvements to the concrete masonry rebated filler blocks. It was found that some procedures implemented by the manufacturers of the beam and block slab systems vary depending on their personal preferences and perceptions. However, the findings on procedures created awareness and can also be used by all manufacturers as the basis for future improvements and development of better systems and methods implemented by manufacturers.
Recommended Surface Quality of a Deliberately Roughened Precast Concrete Ribs in South Africa
Bonga PraiseGod Khuzwayo
Precast concrete ribs form a major structural component in rib and block slab systems. Currently, most manufacturers of beam and block slab systems produce precast ribs made from high-strength concrete with pretensioned wires. The system is well praised for its reduction in formwork and shoring.Manufacturers of beam and block slab systems in Durban (South Africa) wanted to know; what constitutes an acceptable quality of deliberately roughened precast concrete surface and what changes can they make on the construction methods in order
to improve the quality of roughened surfaces for precast ribs?A literature review informed by both local and international research and recommendations was conducted. Furthermore, a pilot study in a form of a questionnaire seeking to understand the construction method was undertaken in 2013. Results were analysed and site visits undertaken in order to validate information given by the contractors.
Although the broom/brush is effective in providing a surface roughness (Rz) of 3 mm, the results are not consistent and depend upon factors such as the stiffness of bristles, cleanliness and others. Furthermore, the findings on procedures created awareness and can also be used by all manufacturers as the basis for future improvements and development of better systems and methods implemented by manufacturers.
Pilot Investigation into Common Masonry Problems in South Africa
Bonga PraiseGod Khuzwayo
Masonry walls are used in a vast number of construction projects for different applications where they may be required to provide amongst many properties, a few mentioned such as; compression strength; stability against overturning; fire resistance; weather resistance; thermal insulation; and sound insulation.In South Africa, the quality of masonry walls has latterly become significantly poor and shoddy construction practices have become a daily routine. This has created a phenomenon known as „common masonry problems.‟ Through site experience, the author has noted a number of problems often encountered in the South African masonry industry. These problems are then compared to what has been recorded outside South Africa. Furthermore, six categories, namely; poor construction practice, poor detailing, lack of knowledge, lack of standards enforcement, lack of availability of suitable materials and improper attitude and/or work ethics were developed in order to determine the root factors that could contribute to the manifestation of these problems.It was found that the common masonry problems ranging from poor quality and shoddy workmanship were no simple problems that can be attributed to a single cause but rather a complex consequence of a wide spectrum of causes, which needs to be investigated holistically. Hence, in conclusion, this pilot investigation study has set a base for a holistic study titled, “A Systematic Review of Current Practices to Improve Quality Standards in the Masonry Construction Industry in South Africa.”
Track: Health & Medicine studies
The Implementation of Concept of Health Promotion Hospital in Indonesia
Anis Khairunnisa, Nur Arifah
Health Promotion Hospital (HPH) was developed in 1989 at the Hospital Rudolfstiftung in Vienna, Austria. HPH aims to develop understanding and trying to raise awareness and interest of patients, families, and visitors to the hospital on the prevention and treatment of disease. The concept of HPH in Indonesia has been applied. However, the implementation has not also show the expected optimum results. This study aims to see how the application of the concept of HPH based on standards management policy aspects of WHO that have been established in several hospitals in Indonesia. The method used in this research is study literature to find references in forms of theories, reports and papers that relevant to the case or the problems. Results of literature studies show that some hospitals in Indonesia have applied the concept of HPH as standards that set by WHO. The literature study was done by comparing a standard implementation of HPH in Dr H. Adam Malik Central Public Hospital in Medan, Liwa Regional Public Hospital in West Lampung and Solok Regional Public Hospital in West Sumatra. This research was conducted by looking at the standard implementation of HPH based on WHO standards related to aspects of the management policy. Standard aspect of this management policy consists of six sub-standards namely the policy commitments, human resources, budget, facilities and infrastructure, documentation and evaluation of interventions.Based on the results of research conducted in Dr. H. Adam Malik Central Public Hospital, Liwa Regional Public Hospital and Solok Regional Public Hospital seen that aspect of policy commitments already have a strong commitment but there are still many obstacles encountered so that needed assistance from stakeholders such as governments, officers, and patient / family patient for the purpose of HPH can be achieved.
Description of Boy Teenager Food Consumption in Islamic Boarding School Immim, Makassar City, South Sulawesi 2015 (Observational Study on Field Dietetic, School Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University)
Muhamad Aryadipa Surya N, Laksmi Trisasmita, A. Imam Arundhana
Nutritional status can be described by consumption behavior and feeding habits. Adolescence is a period that a person would be more concerned about his appearance physically and their health. It is crucial period for their physical growth and psychological development. The study aimed to describe the consumption behavior of boys in Islamic Boarding School of IMMIM, Makassar City. This research was a cross sectional study. Total 73 boys selected by using simple random sampling. To determine consumption patterns of teens we used 24- hour recall questionnaire. The study result showed that the average of energy intake is 1432.72 kcal (55.6% of AKG 2013 recommendation). Mostly of respondent have low intake of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats (228.62 g, 47.03g , and 41.33 g, respectively). This study found that the average consumption of macro-nutrients consumed by the students have not meet AKG 2013 recommendation. It was about 64.5% for carbohydrate, 68.15% for protein, and 40.1% for fat. Based on BMI Age Z Score method data showed that 33, 82% (n = 23) of respondents had normal nutritional status, 52.95% (n = 35) of respondents was underweight, 13.23% (n = 9) of respondents was overweight. It is necessary for giving a nutrition education to students in Islamic Boarding School IMMIM to increase their knowledge about balanced nutrition guidelines and change their consumption behaviour. In addition, the school needs to monitor a consumption patterns and nutrient intake of students once a month to prevent students from malnutrition (underweight and overweight).
Track: Physical & Applied Sciences
Variation in Soil Physiochemical Properties at Different Land Use Sites in Northeastern Nigeria
Yusuf Mohammed Bakoji, Firuza Begham Mustafa, Khairulmaini, Osman Salleh
The variability of some soil physiochemical properties related to land-use sites in the northern part of Taraba State, North-Eastern Nigeria, was studied to determine the extent of variation in soil-properties between land-use sites. The main purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of farmers’ reasons for cultivating hillslopes when there are flatland areas. Six surveyed-plots, with eight surveyed-positions, were randomly selected; one-composite sample was collected from each position over three successive measurement intervals for soil laboratory analysis. Thirteen soil-properties were analysed using the GLM procedure and the analysis of variance in SPSS release version 22. The results obtained showed a statistically insignificant difference for most soil physical properties; sand and silt, chemical properties; soil pH, TN and Base cations (Na, and Ca), suggesting the absence of effects that can be directly-associated with the sites. Hence, the farmers’ reasons for cultivating hillslope when there are flatlands. However, differences in the distribution of soil clay-fraction, OC, P and Na between the two-sites were significantly different. These significant differences suggest two important policy implications. 1. Any intervention in soil management should be location-specific and the blanket-recommendations for fertilizer application and soil and water conservation, which are now the norm in Nigeria should be changed. 2. The severity of soil degradation varies with the site; hence, locallevel investigation is essential to design local-specific and appropriate management interventions. Hence, the study recommends that – the best-practices of farmers from time immemorial, such as contour-ploughing, intercropping, use of cover-crops and mulch, should be enhanced and encouraged especially for hillslope farmers. The expectations and perceptions of farmer’s should be integrated into futurestudies to provide empirical-evidence of farmer’s preference for cultivating hillslope-sites when there are flatlands.