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MIAR Proceedings

 

 

 

Copyright © Global Illuminators. All rights reserved

MIAR Proceeding
Volume 1, Pages 1-145
2015 MIAR Conference on “MULTIDISCIPLINARY INNOVATION IN ACADEMIC RESEARCH” (MIAR 2015)
July 29-30, 2015 Almaty, Kazakhstan
Edited by Dr. Ahmed Saddam

 

Volume 1
pp. 1-145 (2015)
2015 MIAR Conference on “MULTIDISCIPLINARY INNOVATION IN ACADEMIC RESEARCH” (MIAR 2015)
Volume 2
pp. 1-57 (2016)
2016 MIAR Conference on “MULTIDISCIPLINARY INNOVATION IN ACADEMIC RESEARCH” (MIAR 2016)

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Preface of proceeding


Track: Business Management & Economic Studies

Use of a Porous Layer of Doped Silicon as Antireflection Coating for Solar Cell

2

Pages 1-6
K.K. Dikhanbayev, S.M. Manakov & B.G. Topanov

Abstract
In this paper the nanocrystalline porous silicon layer is formed by using electrochemical anodization of p-type silicon wafer. Experimental methods of thermal diffusion in porous silicon layer through silicon oxide film, determination the depth of phosphorus penetration in silicon and their concentration profile in p-n- junction are discussed.

Research Development in Human Resource Analytics in Malaysia

2

Pages 7-11
Sharif, Mohmad Yazam

Abstract
The objective of this paper is to present a qualitative analysis of the trends in Human Resource (HR) Analytics in Malaysia. Human resources have been acknowledged by managers around the world as the backbone of an organization. Thus various HR tools have been designed over time to measure the performances of HR in organizations. These tools, regardless of their names, are basically HR metrics. They are valuable but they offer limited predictive power to look into the future. In the era of fast changing environment and technology, organizational focus has shifted from the past to future performance of HR. The issue centers on organizational survival. The continued usage of HR metrics will make organizations behave in the reactive mode because HR metrics only answers questions (or problems) of a lagging or historical nature which occurred in organizations. Since the early 21st century, American scholars have introduced the concept of HR analytics into the field of human resource management (HRM). The concept is actually a methodology to study the performances of human resources in organizations with a future orientation. It caught on among scholars and practitioners in the USA, Europe and Australia. The concern of this paper is to find out the extent of its acceptance in Malaysian organizations. It utilized and analyzed the secondary data provided by Hays International Consultants based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It was found that HR analytics as a tool is still in its infancy in Malaysia. Currently there are few academic research works in this area in the country. For now, the Malaysian practitioners were observed to be more knowledgeable about HR analytics than the academics.

Conceptualizing Islamic Learning Organization and Its Outcome

2

Pages 12-17
Sharif, Mohmad Yazam, Ahmad Arshad, Darwina & Al-Qolaq, Ammar

Abstract
The objective of this paper is to highlight the continuing importance of the concept of “Learning Organization” to organizations worldwide. Dr Peter Senge of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA was credited with the honor of creating the concept in 1990. Since then, many scholars had conducted studies related to learning organizations. Recently Anders Ortenblad emphasized that the application of the „Learning Organization” concept is context-based. Ahmad (2013) expanded this notion that in our world, the context can be divided into the conventional organizations and the Muslim-based organizations. The conventional organizations can be located in the West or in the East but in essence the organizations are there to maximize profits. But Muslim-based organizations exist not just to make profits but their business processes must abide by the so-called Islamic management principles (balancing the profit quest and the people welfare whether they are employees or customers). Ahmad (2013) labeled the learning organizations in Muslim-based contexts as “Learning Organization from the Islamic perspectives”. Sharif (2014) argued that there is the need to call “a spade, a spade” (i.e. to say or state something plainly). Ahmad‟s notion should be called the “Islamic Learning Organization (ILO)” rather than “Learning Organization from the Islamic perspective” (Alqolaq. Sharif, Arshad & Hasan, 2014). Then the results or outcome of practicing the ILO can be measured by looking at the Islamic management principles (IMP) as practiced by the organizations concerned. The IMP covers many aspects of organizational management including the learning practices in organizations. This paper aims to explore further the relevant Islamic management principles as a reflection of the practices of the Islamic Learning Organizations.

Track: Social Science & Humanities

Effective Factors on Women’s Promotional in Sport Management in Iran

2

Pages 18-27
Mohammad Ehsani, Nahid Shetab Boshehri & Hashem Koozehchian

Abstract

This paper examines women’s position in Iran based sports organizations throughout the country. It is argued that the so-called-neutral promotion process is biased against female candidates and in the end, serves the purpose of reinforcing a male-dominated top management (Aitchison, 2003, Mckay,1996, Shinew & Arnold,1998. The data were collected through self administered questionnaire (α=.86) in 2009, which indicated a high degree of reliability. Sample were (208) which was 21 women sport managers and 187 women duty mangers in this study that used descriptive statistics to estimate mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum of scores and also inferential statistics including one-sample t-test to determine preventing factors. The findings of the study reveal several key items in evaluating candidates for promotion. The variables of higher education, organizational commitment, political skills, family support, ICT skills, psychological factors and sport management skills ranked the upper intermediate level for the female managers, but organizational environment stood at the lower level. Also, research showed that all environmental factors had an inhibiting role on women promotion to management position.In spite of these factors, women are absent from senior leadership positions and their powerlessness in hierarchy of Iranian sport organization is evidently shown. It is suggested that sport organizations bring about some changes aimed at supporting the women managers in fulfilling their needs.


The emotional State of HIV-positive

2

Pages 28-34
Z. Madaliyeva & R. Kassymova I.Rogasheva

Abstract

This paper reviews issues concerning description and study of emotional conditions of HIV – positive people. Study of this problem gives possibility to reveal peculiarities of emotional field of HIV – positive people, which facilitate their adaptation to the fact of their viral state, to overcome life crisis, to mobilize and effectively utilize compensatory mechanisms to fight the disease.Goal of the study: description and study emotional states of HIV – positive people influencing on ability of an organism to adapt to circumstances and facilitating stabilization of psychic condition.Empirical study was passing on the base of city and regional centers on prophylaxis of AIDS in Almaty and Issyk cities.Methods: Beck depression test, Gissen somatic questionnaire, Spielberger – Hanin arousal test, method of evaluation of subjective relation to the disease of Serdyuk, unfinished sentences of Sydney-Sacchs, test of operative evaluation of well-being, activeness, mood “SAN” and Bass-Darkey aggressiveness test.Conclusion: HIV – positive people are in need of psychological work during whole course of disease. The main target of psychological correctional work in HIV – positive people must be emotional condition of the patient.


Non-parametric Spectral Tests for Forecast Accuracy

2

Pages 35-56
Patrick L. Leoni

Abstract

We develop a class of non-parametric, spectral density tests capable of deciding whether a given random variable can predict a time series in expectations. Under standard assumptions, we show that those tests are consistent, robust and admissible. In controlled simulations, we find that those tests rightfully reject with low P-value and high power. When applied to daily returns of NASDAQ Composite (resp. S&P500), we find that an ARMA-GARCH mixture with Normal jumps (resp. T-Student jumps) passes our test at high level of confidence.


Epistemology of Political Islam Thought in Indonesia

2

Pages 57-67
Dr. Muhammad Azhar

Abstract

When it be looked from circular perspective (not linier or parallel) from the three of the prior political epistemology (bayani, burhani, and irfani), then the reconstruction of ideal thought – as philosophy fundamental – political Islam of contemporary Indonesia the next should be a balance between trilogy of political ala al-Jabiry that is bayani (idealistic in the Islami values commitment), burhani (ability to answer reality challenge of the people and nation) and irfani (personal and communal wisdom of Muslim politician). In textual-normative-bayani , the political Islam insight of contemporary Indonesia still refers to the fundamental values than is in the holy book Al-Qur‟an and Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad, such as deliberation, unity, welfare and justice values. As for in burhani, application of the political values which is fundamental meant adjusted by plurality context of Indonesia society, and in answering some of the existing social problems. As for example the actual case, application values of justice, economy which is more intense now in the economy syariah system more get a place in the society as an alternative system of conventional-capitalistic economy. In burhani, the thinkers or activists of political Islam should always have an ability to accommodate aspiration and give appreciation and positive and constructive contributions for politics dynamic in Indonesia, for the sake of the peole and nation‟s glory in the future and the same time as for success model of political Islam implementation in Indonesia context which is modern and democratic.


The Legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Copyright and the Related Rights

2

Pages 68-77
Baimoldina Svetlana Malikovna

Abstract

This paper describes issues related to the relevance of the protection of copyright and related rights in the economic crisis, widespread in Europe, highlights the legal framework for the protection copyright and related rights in the Republic of Kazakhstan, analyzes statistical data on infringement of copyright and related rights in Kazakhstan and the CIS countries, foreign experience of protection of copyright and related rights in the US, in Europe. The article presents the opinions of famous scientists on the protection of copyright and related rights. The author proposes measures to improve the legislation for the protection of copyright and related rights in Kazakhstan and CIS countries.


Scientific Bases of Efficient Farmland Use

2

Pages 78-86
Yeshenkulova Gaukhar, Temirbulatova Madina & Nassanbekova Samalgul, Tleubayeva Meruert & Gizzatzhanova Azhar

Abstract

In order to stabilize the economics of agricultural sector in Kazakhstan it is required to fully increase the efficiency of agricultural production. The necessary factor of solving this task is to provide a rational use of land at the every agricultural enterprise, in terms of economic basis creation for its stimulation. This is more important in modern conditions of economic management when an acute shortage of production resources is followed on by the fall in land fertility. It is more useful in analysing the problems of agricultural land market development which are broad and multifarious. However, in our days, we should choose the most appropriate and feasible one, beside the complex of measures for the practical solution of these problems. This article consists of a detailed discussion of the theoretic conditions and factors of the effective using of land resource in agriculture, according to the global trend of development of agricultural relations. Studying the recommended ways of standard land prices showed that the existing techniques do not fully implement the mechanism of the theoretical market price. The technique developed by authors can serve as the basis for more actual definition of a standard land price and a rate for rent payments, rents, and land taxes.


Problems of Interdisciplinary Approach to Study of Integration Processes in Educational Sphere of Turkic-Speaking Countries

2

Pages 87-95
Aitimbet Ilyas, Kasymova Leila & Mirzoyeva Leila

Abstract

One of the most important tendencies of the modern world is a coexistence of traditional, industrial, and post-industrial society types. All of them are interconnected and interdependent. So studying every of those types we should take their interaction into account; that is why the relevance of interdisciplinary approach is obvious. Besides, the methodology of scientific research is suitable for studying of one certain society type; that is why it is incorrect to use it for other societies without reference to their specific characteristics. In Post-Soviet countries, sociological trends are based on two factors: first of all, on the main peculiarities of socialist system; secondly, on adoption of different theories represented in Western sociology. Therefore it did not deal with specific characteristics of our society.Nowadays, Kazakhstani society may be treated as a very complicated social formation which comprises some elements of traditional, industrial and post-industrial society types in different proportion (Golden, Miriam & Michael Wallerstein 2006). The problem of studying, judgment and interpretation of the Kazakh society requires interdisciplinary approach associated with new methods of study.Research of integration processes in the educational sphere of Turkic-speaking countries should be considered as a new phenomenon because the process of integration was institutionalized several years ago. In this regards, the main problem consists in formation of specific approach when processes of educational activity are studied from a uniform position. Such interrelated sciences as history, psychology, ethnographies, political science, sociology, economy, philology, are involved in this process resulting in cumulative effect. Pilot studies conducted in the Republic of Kazakhstan, were focused on the quality of education and mentoring problems. It should be pointed out that integration processes in Turkic-speaking countries require new methodology, new concepts and categories, demonstrating essential characteristics of the considered processes


The Exploratory Study on the Relationships among Taiwanese College Students‟ Construal-level, Gratitude and Intimate
attachment

2

Pages 96-100
Payling, Harn

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to explore relationships of Taiwanese college students‟ construal-level, gratitude and intimate attachment. This study adopted the questionnaire survey. The research objects were college students in Taiwan. The Behavior Identification Form, the Inventory of Undergraduates „Gratitude (IUG) and the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R) Questionnaire were used as the research tools. There were 139 valid questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlation and multiple linear regressions.The results were as following:1.Taiwanese college students are of medium level in construal-level and intimate attachment, but of above medium level in gratitude. 2. Construal-level and gratitude was significant positive correlation. Gratitude and intimate attachment was significant positive correlation. Construal-level and intimate attachment was significant positive correlation. 3. “Cherish what you have “for “attachment-related avoidance” had a significant prediction effect. “cherish what you have “and “appreciate the moment “for construal-level had a significant prediction effect.On the basis of research results, this paper puts forward the suggestions of facilitating gratitude applied to Taiwanese college students‟ mental health adaptation and researches.


Social and psychological research of competences during complex selection of the personnel in the Kazakhstan organizations (on the example of Kaspi Bank)

2

Pages 101-105
Olga Aimaganbetova, Aliya Tolegenova, Tolkyn Sagnaeva, Zuhra Sadvakasova & Elena Mussikhina

Abstract

Results of social psychological research of competences during complex selection of the personnel of the Kazakhstan organizations are presented in this article. Research based on the idea that process of selection of the personnel is topical issue in a personnel management system of Kazakhstan. Conversation method; the content analysis, the Boston test for resistance to stress, Myunsterberg’s test for attention, and also the author’s technique for competences developed especially for Kaspi Bank were used in present study. As a result competences as attentiveness, reliability, customer focus and orientation to quality have positive interrelation; the level of expressiveness of one of these competences is higher, the level of expressiveness of the others is higher. Research also showed that interrelation of competence resistance to stress with such competences as attentiveness, reliability, customer focus and orientation to quality, on the contrary, have the negative interrelation, that is, the susceptibility to a stress at the cashier is higher, the less it is attentive, reliable and focused on the client and quality of work.


Experimental Research of Ethnic Stereotypes among Students

2

Pages 106-114
Nurgaliyeva Ulmeken Satymovna, Uaysova Gulnar Inamatovna, Saduakas Gulbanu Temiriyakyzy, Tusubekova Kunslu Kadyrkulovna , Naurzalina Danna Gadylshayevna & Beldibayeva Gulmira Bolatovna

Abstract

Need of this research is defined by increase of international interactions and international tension in communication in the Republic of Kazakhstan. We believe that ethnic stereotypes of different ethnic groups have distinctions depending on ethnos, i.e. ethnic stereotypes at the Russian and Kazakh nationalities have distinctive features. For the purpose of verification of these provisions, we conducted a series of pilot studies by the techniques adapted by us with students of the first – third years of the Aktyubinsk higher education institutions. The obtained data allow us to draw a conclusion that Russians in their autostereotype tend to pay more attention to their own person and business qualities. Thus, in an autostereotype of Kazakhs are priority qualities, concerning humanistic and communicative properties of the personality. The direction of system of Kazakh’s stereotypes goes from the interpersonal relations to development of personal qualities. The comparative analysis of a ratio of autostereotypes of Kazakhs and Russians showed that the positive directed autostereotype on the block the general tendency is much higher than the personality at Russians, than a positive autostereotype of Kazakhs. The positive directed heterostereotypes of Russians and Kazakh students on this block coincide. It should be noted that we managed to show distinctions of ethnic stereotypes at representatives of different ethnic groups.


The Concept of Competence in Foreign Language Teaching for Intercultural Communication

2

Pages 115-119
Doganay Yakup, Gaipov Davronzhon & Sadykbekov Kurmangazi

Abstract

That the globalization occurs in all fields of life is an undeniable fact on the one hand and necessity of foreign language teaching according to the requirements of globalization and intercultural communication is another reality on the other hand. The demands and expectations from language learners, enabling them to be successful interlocutors in the intercultural spaces have long been the issue of investigation and discussion. We think the term „competence‟ has the key role for this issue and it needs to be dug and discussed as deep as possible to be figured in great detail. Once the content, concept and boundaries of the term „competence‟ is defined and described neatly in the field of foreign language education we believe that the path to be followed by both language educators and learners would be more definite. In this paper it is aimed to discuss and figure out the term „competence‟ in terms of foreign language teaching for intercultural interaction and communication. The very general purpose of foreign language teaching/learning, the role of competence in cognition of foreign language and the use of it in intercultural spaces have also been tackled throughout the paper.


Track: Engineering and Technology Studies

Improvement of Company’s Performance through Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) Methodology

2

Pages 120-129
Tleuberdiyeva Gulnara, Naizabayeva Lyazat , Arslanov M.Z & Orazbekov Zh

Abstract

In the article, researchers are trying to find a way to minimize the costs of IT-department and make the work more efficient. For that purpose ITIL methodology were used. In general, ITIL methodology can be applied to any entity regardless of its size, type and industry. Thus, processes have been automated in the company LLP “Delta-K”. In of the economic crisis, there is now a growing interest in the implementation of processes in accordance with the methodology of ITIL and ITSM. To implement the project, the following processes have been selected: Incident Management Process, Configuration Items Management, Change Management process, User Interaction and Problem Management Processes. At this stage, processes were selected because they are the most necessary processes for the IT department.ITIL may be very useful, however it is not a ready-to-use methodology – it does not have detailed process maps, does not provide (and cannot provide actually) any working instructions. Instead, ITIL focuses on the best practices that can be applied in different areas depending on the needs of the organization. It provides a framework for streamlining the methods already used in the company. That is why each project of ITIL recommendations implementation is unique and has its own novelty as it applies to a unique organization. The results achieved allows IT department of the organization to provide timely support for service requests and new business initiatives: implement changes and maintain the stability of the current work, as well as reduce the risks associated with them. In addition, availability of the documents that describes the work management processes, performance indicators for the processes helps to ensure that the services are delivered on best-practice basis. The methodology developed assumes continual improvement of the services.The study once again shows that the modernization of IT structures in accordance with ITIL guidelines ensures the stability of IT services in modern conditions of strict control of investments in IT from the point of rapidly developing businesses. As a result of the implemented measures, it becomes possible to make adjustments in strategic goals of the enterprise, to strengthen interaction between the enterprise as a whole and IT departments. Moreover, it gives the opportunity to form a progressive corporate culture of the company.


Multi-State Phenomena and Hysteresis of Counterflow Flame over Tsuji Burner

2

Pages 130-145
Hsing-Sheng Chai & Vong-Ren Chen

Abstract

This investigation focuses on flame hysteresis in a porous cylindrical burner. This hysteresis is caused by different operation procedures of experiment. Gradually increasing inflow velocity can transform the envelope flame into a wake flame. The blow-off curve is plotted by determining every critical inflow velocity that makes an envelope flame become a wake flame at various fuel-ejection velocities. In contrast, reducing the inflow velocity can transform the wake or lift-off flame into an envelope one. The reattachment curve can be obtained by the same method to explore the blow-off curve, but the intake process is reverse. However, these two curves are not coincident, except at the origin. The discrepancy between them is called hysteresis, and it results from the difference between the burning velocities associated with both curves. At the lowest fuel-ejection velocity, no hysteresis exists between two curves because the difference between burning velocities is almost zero there. Then, raising the fuel-ejection velocity enhances hysteresis and the discrepancy between the two curves. However, when the fuel-ejection velocity exceeds a critical value, the intensity of hysteresis remains almost invariant and causes the two curves parallel to each other.